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Antioxidant Activity of Added Phenolic Compounds in Freeze-Dried Microencapsulated Sunflower Oil

AuthorsVelasco, Joaquín ; Holgado, Francisca ; Dobarganes, M. Carmen ; Márquez Ruiz, Gloria
Microencapsulated oils
Lipid oxidation
Free oil
Encapsulated oil
Issue Date21-Mar-2009
CitationJournal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 86(5): 445-452 (2009)
AbstractThis study was aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of phenolic antioxidants with a similar structure but having a different polarity in dried microencapsulated sunflower oil. The antioxidants tested were, on one hand, α-tocopherol and its water soluble analogue, Trolox, and on the other, gallic acid and its ester derivatives, propyl gallate and dodecyl gallate. At a moderate temperature (40 °C), the samples were oxidized under accelerated conditions by using Cu(II) as an oxidation catalyst. The progress of oxidation was followed up over time in the free and encapsulated oil fractions. The peroxide value, the total content of polymers and, when appropriate, the content of α-tocopherol were determined. Quantitative analysis of the total fraction of the non-volatile oxidation products and their distribution in oligomers, dimers and monomers was applied to samples to obtain a complete evaluation of oxidation. Finally, as a complementary measure, the antioxidants were also assessed by direct application of the Rancimat test at 100 °C on the dried microencapsulated oil samples. Results showed that the antioxidants of lower polarity in each series, i.e. tocopherol and dodecyl gallate, were to a great extent the most protective antioxidants. The results obtained by the Rancimat test were consistent with those found during oxidation at moderate temperature. Furthermore, the addition of Cu(II) reduced proportionally the oxidative stability index of the dried microencapsulated samples.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11746-009-1365-8
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