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Distribution and population structure of the rockfish Helicolenus dactylopterus (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) in the western Mediterranean

AutorMassutí, Enric; Moranta, Joan ; Gil de Sola, Luis; Morales-Nin, Beatriz ; Prats, L.
Fecha de publicación2001
EditorCambridge University Press
CitaciónJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81: 129- 141 (2001)
ResumenThe distribution and spatio-temporal variation of Helicolenus dactylopterus (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) population was studied from 816 bottom trawls developed along the Iberian coast. Multifactor analysis of variance was used to test the differences in abundance and biomass and cluster analysis was applied to detect differences in population structure. The results showed a bathymetric and latitudinal gradient in abundance and population structure along three geographic sectors in the surveyed area. In the southern area, the species was more frequent and showed a wider bathymetric distribution range than northwards. The depth range with the maximum frequency of occurrence was also wider in the southern area than northwards. Similar trends were observed in terms of abundance and biomass, with the highest and lowest indices in the southern and northern areas, respectively. The age composition of the catches showed that the population consisted mainly of young-of-the-year and juvenile fish. This fraction of the population is well represented, at a mesoscale, along the whole surveyed area, but adults are well represented only at a local scale, at the deepest strata surveyed in the southern area. In this case, recruits of age 0 and juveniles up to 4-y old were restricted to depths shallower than 500 m, while adult fish older than 6y of age appeared below this depth. In the southern area, seasonal changes in the population structure were also observed, with modes of small fish (3-6 cm) from March to June, as a consequence of the species recruitment to the bottom. Some direct and indirect factors of biogeographic, environmental and anthropogenic origin affecting the observed gradient are discussed.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1017/S0025315401003472
issn: 0025-3154
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