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Title

A cryoprotective and cold-adapted 1,3-β-endoglucanase from cherimoya (Annona cherimola) fruit

AuthorsGoñi Ramos, Óscar ; Sánchez Ballesta, M. Teresa ; Merodio, Carmen ; Escribano, M. Isabel
KeywordsAnnona cherimola
Annonaceae
Protein purification
1,3-β-Glucanase activity
Kinetic and thermodynamic characterization
Acidic endo-1,3-β-glucanase;
Cryoprotective and cold-adapted 1,3-β-glucanase protein
Cryoprotection
Glycine-betaine
Issue DateJun-2011
PublisherElsevier
CitationPhytochemistry 72(9):844-854 (2011)
AbstractA 1,3-β-glucanase with potent cryoprotective activity was purified to homogeneity from the mesocarp of CO subindice 2-treated cherimoya fruit (Annona cherimola Mill.) stored at low temperature using anion exchange and chromatofocusing chromatography. This protein was characterized as a glycosylated endo-1,3-β-glucanase with a Mr of 22.07 kDa and a pI of 5.25. The hydrolase was active and stable in a broad acidic pH range and it exhibited maximum activity at pH 5.0. It had a low optimum temperature of 35 °C and it retained 40% maximum activity at 5 °C. The purified 1,3-β-glucanase was relatively heat unstable and its activity declined progressively at temperatures above 50 °C. Kinetic studies revealed low k subindice cat (3.10 ± 0.04 s−1) and K subindice m (0.32 ± 0.03 mg ml−1) values, reflecting the intermediate efficiency of the protein in hydrolyzing laminarin. Moreover, a thermodynamic characterization revealed that the purified enzyme displayed a high k subindice cat at both 37 and 5 °C, and a low E subindice a (6.99 kJ mol−1) within this range of temperatures. In vitro functional studies indicated that the purified 1,3-β-glucanase had no inhibitory effects on Botrytis cinerea hyphal growth and no antifreeze activity, as determined by thermal hysteresis analysis using differential scanning calorimetry. However, a strong cryoprotective activity was observed against freeze–thaw inactivation of lactate dehydrogenase. Indeed, the PD subondice 50 was 8.7 μg ml−1 (394 nM), 9.2-fold higher (3.1 on a molar basis) than that of the cryoprotective protein BSA. Together with the observed accumulation of glycine-betaine in CO subindice 2-treated cherimoya tissues, these results suggest that 1,3-β-glucanase could be functionally implicated in low temperature-defense mechanism activated by CO subindice 2.
Description11páginas, 6 figuras, 4 tablas.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/54379
DOI10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.03.017
ISSN0031-9422
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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