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Two-dimensional noise-sustained structures in optical parametric oscillators

AuthorsSantagiustina, Marco; Colet, Pere ; San Miguel, Maxi ; Walgraef, Daniel
Issue Date1998
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review E- Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 58: 3843-3853 (1998)
AbstractThe problem of two-dimensional (2D), transverse, noise-sustained pattern formation is theoretically and numerically studied, in the case of an optical parametric oscillator, for negative signal detuning. This gives a complete analysis of a 2D, convective, pattern forming system which is also relevant to more general 2D physical systems. For the optical parametric oscillator, the transversal walk-off due to the nonlinear crystal birefringence, exploited to phase match the frequency down-conversion process, turns the instability to convective up to a certain threshold. In this regime, noise-sustained patterns can be observed. These structures are a macroscopic manifestation of amplified microscopic noise which, in the context of optics, can be of quantum nature. Directly observable properties of the near and far field as well as statistical properties of the spectral intensity help to distinguish noise- from dynamics-sustained structures. Moreover, the analysis indicates that the walk-off term breaks the rotational symmetry of the 2D model. This causes a preferential selection of the stripe orientation, which would be otherwise random, the modulus of the wave vector being the only restricted value. At the convective threshold an entire set of spatial modes becomes unstable, whereas the threshold of absolute instability depends on the relative orientation of the mode. Beyond the threshold for absolute instability, this causes the coexistence, in the linear regime of evolution, of modes that are absolutely unstable, and others that are only convectively unstable. The numerical solutions of the dynamical equations of the system under study confirm the analytical predictions for the value of the instability thresholds and the kind of pattern selected. Moreover, they allow us to investigate the nonlinear regime showing qualitatively the coexistence of modes with different types of instability and giving a quantitative characterization of the transition from noise-sustained to dynamics-sustained structures.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.58.3843
issn: 1063-651X
Appears in Collections:(IMEDEA) Artículos
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