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Triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins derived from healthy donors fed different olive oils modulate cytokine secretion and cyclooxygenase-2 expression in macrophages: the potential role of oleanolic acid

AuthorsGraham, V. S.; Lawson, C.; Wheeler-Jones, Caroline; Perona, Javier S. ; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina ; Botham, K. M.
KeywordsTriacylglycelor-rich lipoproteins
Olive oil
Oleanolic acid
Cytokine secretion
Issue DateApr-2012
CitationEuropean Journal of Nutrition 51(3) : 301-309 (2012)
AbstractPurpose Current evidence suggests that consumption of virgin olive oil (VOO) helps to protect against the development of atherosclerosis and that minor components such as oleanolic acid contribute to this effect. In this study, the effects of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) derived from olive oil on inflammatory processes in macrophages and how they are modulated by oleanolic acid was investigated. Methods TRLs isolated from healthy volunteers 2 and 4 h after a test meal containing VOO, pomace olive oil (POO) (the second pressing of olive oil, enriched in minor components) or POO enriched with oleanolic acid (OPOO) were incubated with macrophages derived from the human monocyte cell line, THP-1. Results All types of TRLs caused a decrease of about 50% in the secretion of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) by the cells. Interleukin (IL)-6 secretion was also significantly decreased by 2 and 4 h VOO TRLs and by 4 h OPOO TRLs. In contrast, increased IL-1ß secretion was observed with all 2 h TRL types, and increased tumour necrosis factor-¿ (TNF-¿) production with 2 h VOO and POO, but not OPOO, TRLs. TRLs isolated after 4 h, however, had no significant effects on TNF-¿ secretion and increased IL-1ß secretion only when they were derived from VOO. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA expression was strongly down-regulated by all types of TRLs, but protein expression was significantly depressed only by 4 h OPOO TRLs. Conclusion These findings demonstrate that TRLs derived from olive oil influence inflammatory processes in macrophages and suggest that oleanolic acid may have beneficial effects. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00394-011-0215-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00394-011-0215-2
issn: 1436-6207
e-issn: 1436-6215
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