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Iridium Compounds with κ-P,P,Si (biPSi) Pincer Ligands: Favoring Reactive Structures in Unsaturated Complexes

AuthorsSola, Eduardo ; García-Camprubí, Alba; Andrés, José L.; Martín, Marta ; Plou, Pablo
Issue Date2010
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of the American Chemical Society 132(26): 9111-9121 (2010)
AbstractThe structure, coordination properties, insertion processes, and dynamic behavior in solution of the five-coordinate complexes [IrXH(biPSi)] (biPSi = κ-P,P,Si-Si(Me){(CH2)3PPh2}2; X = Cl (1), Br (2), or I (3)) have been investigated. The compounds are formed as mixtures of two isomers, anti and syn, in slow equilibrium in solution. The equilibrium position depends on the halogen and the solvent. Both isomers display distorted square-based pyramidal structures in which the vacant position sits trans to silicon. The equatorial plane of the syn isomer is closer to the T structure due to distortions of steric origin. The small structural differences between the isomers trigger remarkable differences in reactivity. The syn isomers form six-coordinate adducts with chlorinated solvents, CO, P(OMe)3, or NCMe, always after ligand coordination trans to silicon. The anti isomers do not form detectable adducts with chlorinated solvents and coordinate CO or P(OMe)3 either trans to silicon (kinetic) or trans to hydride (thermodynamic). NCMe coordinates the anti isomers exclusively at the position trans to hydride. Qualitative and quantitative details (equilibrium constants, enthalpies, entropies, etc.) on these coordination processes are given and discussed. As a result of the different coordination properties, insertion reagents such as acetylene, diphenylacetylene, or the alkylidene resulting from the decomposition of ethyl diazoacetate selectively insert into the Ir−H bond of 1-syn, not into that of 1-anti. These reactions give five-coordinate syn alkenyl or alkyl compounds in which the vacancy also sits trans to silicon. Acetylene is polymerized in the coordination sphere of 1. The nonreactive isomer 1-anti also evolves into the syn insertion products via anti↔syn isomerizations, the rates of which are notably dependent on the nature of the insertion reactants. H2 renders anti↔syn isomerization rates of the same order as the NMR time scale. The reactions are second order (kobs = k(anti↔syn)[H2]) and do not involve H2/IrH hydrogen atom scrambling. A possible isomerization mechanism, supported by MP2 calculations and compatible with the various experimental observations, is described. It involves Ir(V) intermediates and a key σ Ir-(η2-SiH) agostic transition state. A similar transition state could also explain the anti↔syn isomerizations in the absence of oxidative addition reactants, although at the expense of high kinetic barriers strongly dependent on the presence of potential ligands and their nature.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/ja102479h
issn: 0002-7863
e-issn: 1520-5126
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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