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Heteropolynuclear gold complexes with metallophilic interactions: Modulation of the luminescent properties

AuthorsCalhorda, Maria José; Ceamanos, Carmen; Crespo, Olga ; Gimeno, M. Concepción ; Laguna, Antonio ; Larraz, Carmen; Vaz, Pedro .D.; Villacampa, M. Dolores
Issue Date2010
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationInorganic Chemistry 49(18): 8255-8269 (2010)
AbstractMetalloligands of stoichiometry [AuCl(P−N)] have been obtained by the reaction of the heterofunctional phosphines P−N = PPh2py, PPh2CH2CH2py, or PPhpy2 with [AuCl(tht)] (tht = tetrahydrothiophene). Reactions of these metalloligands with several metal compounds have afforded heteropolynuclear species which exhibit luminescent properties. The stoichiometries depend on the molar ratio and the heterometal. Thus, the reaction with [Cu(NCMe)4]+ in a molar ratio 2:1 gives the trinuclear compounds [Au2CuCl2(P−N)2]+, in which the structure and Au···Cu interactions depend on the phosphine ligand. With rhodium and iridium derivatives the reactivity is different leading to complexes of the type [AuMCl2(cod)(P−N)] for P−N = PPh2py, PPhpy2, and [Au2M2Cl(cod)2(P−N)2]Cl with PPh2CH2CH2py. Using [MCl2(NCPh)2] (M = Pd, Pt) in a 2:1 molar ratio yields [Au2MCl4(P−N)2] and in a 1:1 molar ratio [AuPdCl3(μ3-PPhpy2)]. Several compounds have been characterized by X-ray diffraction showing in many cases short Au···M distances. The luminescence of these derivatives has been studied. The metalloligands display bands assigned to intraligand (IL) transitions. For the bimetallic (Au/M) systems the luminescence depends on the heterometal present and on the metallophilic interactions. The most important excitations in the relevant energy range were assigned essentially a MMLCT character (from Rh/Ir and Au to ligands) based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations in selected complexes. The luminescence behavior in Rh/Ir [AuMCl2(cod)(PPh2py)] complexes was interpreted on the basis of the different nature of the half occupied orbitals in the triplet state.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/ic100413x
issn: 0020-1669
e-issn: 1520-510X
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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