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Enhanced Efficiency of Thiourea Catalysts by External Brønsted Acids in the Friedel–Crafts Alkylation of Indoles

AuthorsMarqués-López, Eugenia ; Alcaine, Ana ; Tejero, Tomás ; Herrera, Raquel P.
Issue Date2011
CitationEuropean Journal of Organic Chemistry 20-21: 3700-3705 (2011)
AbstractA novel study on the influence of external Brønsted acids on thiourea catalysts in the asymmetric Friedel–Crafts alkylation of indoles with nitroalkenes is reported. The final 3-substituted indole derivatives were synthesized with better results because of cooperative effects between the chiral thiourea and a Brønsted acid additive (1a·HA). The effects of diverse catalysts, different acid additives, solvents, and temperatures in the reaction were also explored. The high reactivity and selectivity of the reaction is presumptively attributed to an appropriate assembly between the Brønsted acid and the thiourea structure, affording a more acidic and rigid catalytic complex.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejoc.201100506
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/ejoc.201100506
issn: 1434-193X
e-issn: 1099-0690
Appears in Collections:(ISQCH) Artículos
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