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The glutathione/glutaredoxin system is essential for arsenate reduction in Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803

AutorLópez-Maury, Luis ; Sánchez-Riego, Ana María ; Reyes, José C. ; Florencio, Francisco J.
Palabras claveArsenate reductases
Bacterial proteins
Arsenic acid
Fecha de publicación20-mar-2009
EditorAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitaciónJournal of Bacteriology 191(11): 3534-3543 (2009)
ResumenArsenic resistance in Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 is mediated by an operon of three genes in which arsC codes for an arsenate reductase with unique characteristics. Here we describe the identification of two additional and nearly identical genes coding for arsenate reductases in Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803, which we have designed arsI1 and arsI2, and the biochemical characterization of both ArsC (arsenate reductase) and ArsI. Functional analysis of single, double, and triple mutants shows that both ArsI enzymes are active arsenate reductases but that their roles in arsenate resistance are essential only in the absence of ArsC. Based on its biochemical properties, ArsC belongs to a family that, though related to thioredoxin-dependent arsenate reductases, uses the glutathione/glutaredoxin system for reduction, whereas ArsI belongs to the previously known glutaredoxin-dependent family. We have also analyzed the role in arsenate resistance of the three glutaredoxins present in Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 both in vitro and in vivo. Only the dithiolic glutaredoxins, GrxA (glutaredoxin A) and GrxB (glutaredoxin B), are able to donate electrons to both types of reductases in vitro, while GrxC (glutaredoxin C), a monothiolic glutaredoxin, is unable to donate electrons to either type. Analysis of glutaredoxin mutant strains revealed that only those lacking the grxA gene have impaired arsenic resistance. Copyright © 2009, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1128/JB.01798-08
issn: 0021-9193
e-issn: 1098-5530
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