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Water stress responses of two Mediterranean tree species influenced

AutorRincón, Ana ; Valladares Ros, Fernando ; Gimeno, Teresa E.; Pueyo, José Javier
Palabras clavePinus halepensis
plant growth promoting rhizobacteria
Quercus coccifera
rhizosphere microorganisms
water deficit
Fecha de publicación2008
EditorHeron Publishing
CitaciónTree Physiology 28:1693–1701(2008)
ResumenSoil microorganisms, such as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), play crucial roles in plant growth, but their influence on plant water relations remains poorly explored.We studied the effects of native soil microorganisms and inoculation with the PGPR strain Aur6 of Pseudomonas fluorescens onwater stress responses of seedlings of the drought-avoiding Pinus halepensis Mill. and the drought-tolerant Quercus coccifera L. Plant growth, nutrient concentrations and physiology (maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (PSII; Fv /Fm), electron transport rate (ETR), stomatal conductance (gs) and predawn shoot water potential (ΨPD)) were measured in well-watered plants, and in plants under moderate or severe water stress. Inoculation with PGPR and native soil microorganisms improved tree growth, and their interactions had either additive or synergistic effects. Both Fv/Fm and ETR were significantly affected by PGPR and native soil microorganisms. Marked differences in gs and ΨPD were found between species, confirming that they differ in mechanisms of response to water stress. A complex tree species × treatment interactive response to drought was observed. In P. halepensis, Fv/Fm and ETR were enhanced by PGPR and native soil microorganisms under well-watered conditions, but the effects of PGPR on ΨPD and gs were negative during a period ofwater stress. InQ. coccifera, Fv/Fm and ETR were unaffected or even reduced by inoculation under well-watered conditions, whereas ΨPD and gs were increased by PGPR during a period of water stress. Our results indicate that microbial associates of roots can significantly influence the response of tree seedlings to drought, but the magnitude and sign of this effect seems to depend on the water-use strategy of the species
Descripción9 p., 6 fig., 2 tabl.
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