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Nitric oxide repression of Nanog promotes mouse embryonic stem cell differentiation

AuthorsMora-Castilla, Sergio ; Tejedo Huamán, Juan Rigoberto ; Hmadcha, Abdelkrim ; Cahuana, Gladys M. ; Martín, Franz ; Soria Escoms, Bernat ; Bedoya Bergua, Francisco Javier
KeywordsEmbryonic stem cell
oct4 repression
Nitric oxide
Issue Date15-Jan-2010
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationCell Death and Differentiation 17(6): 1025-1033 (2010)
AbstractExposure of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells to high concentrations of chemical nitric oxide (NO) donors promotes differentiation, but the mechanisms involved in this process at the gene expression level are poorly defined. In this study we report that culture of mES cells in the presence of 0.25-1.0 mM diethylenetriamine nitric oxide adduct (DETA-NO) leads to downregulation of Nanog and Oct4, the two master genes involved in the control of the pluripotent state. This action of NO was also apparent in the human ES cell line, HS 181. The suppressive action of NO on Nanog gene depends on the activation of p53 repressor protein by covalent modifications, such as pSer15, pSer315, pSer392 and acetyl Lys 379. NO-induced repression of Nanog is also associated with binding of trimethylated histone H3 and pSer315 p53 to its promoter region. In addition, exposure to 0.5 mM DETA-NO induces early differentiation events of cells with acquisition of epithelial morphology and expression of markers of definitive endoderm, such as FoxA2, Gata4, Hfn1-Β and Sox 17. This phenotype was increased when cells were treated with valproic acid (VPA) for 10 days. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/cdd.2009.204
issn: 1350-9047
e-issn: 1476-5403
Appears in Collections:(CABIMER) Artículos
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