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Title

Structural characterization of highly strained InAs N monolayer lasers and quantum well structures by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy

AuthorsMazuelas Esteban, Ángel José ; Molina, Sergio I.; Aragón, G.; Meléndez Sánchez, Juan ; Dotor, María Luisa ; Huertas, P.; Briones Fernández-Pola, Fernando
Issue Date1993
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Crystal Growth 127: 596-600 (1993)
AbstractX-ray interference effect and transmission electron microscopy are used to study the relaxation process in a series of laser structures as a function of InAs content in the quantum well. It is shown that the X-ray interference effect is a powerful, fast and non-destructive method to assess the strain status in samples of this kind. A set of strained layer laser structures containing N monolayers of InAs (Nx(InAs)1(GaAs)3 with (N = 1, 3, 5, 7) in an 8 nm quantum well active region and a set of strained layer quantum wells consisting of P monolayers of InAs (Px(InAs)1(GaAs)Q with (P = 2, 4 and (Q = 2, 4) were grown [Dotor et al., J. Crystal Growth 127 (1993) 46] by atomic layer molecular beam epitaxy. X-ray interference effect and cross-section transmission electron microscopy analysis of the samples show that in the series of lasers with N monolayers of InAs the whole laser structure is coherent with the substrate (and consequently dislocation free) for 1 and 3 monolayers of InAs, while a sample with 5 monolayers of InAs is in a certain stage of relaxation (dislocation density nd {all equal to}107 cm-2) and a sample with 7 monolayers of InAs is almost completely relaxed (nd{all equal to}108 cm-2). In strained layer quantum well samples, the influence of the InAs/GaAs thickness ratio (P/Q) on the critical thickness has also been studied. These results are compared with those predicted by theoretical critical thickness models. Optical characterization as well as threshold current measurements of the lasers are correlated with X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy relaxation status results. © 1993.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/52363
DOI10.1016/0022-0248(93)90691-O
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/0022-0248(93)90691-O
issn: 0022-0248
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
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