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Effects of pre-blossom temperatures on flower development and fruit set in apricot

AutorRodrigo García, Javier; Herrero Romero, María
Palabras claveApricot
Prunus armeniaca
Flower development
Fruit set
Fecha de publicaciónene-2002
CitaciónScientia Horticulturae, Volume 92, Issue 2, 31 January 2002, Pages 125-135
ResumenThe influence of pre-blossom temperatures on flower development and fruit set is ascertained in apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.), a species without previous records on the effect of pre-blossom temperature on fruit set, but that is particularly prone to erratic fruit set. A polyethylene cage was used during pre-blossom development of flower buds to increase maximum temperatures by 6–7 °C and mean temperatures by 3 °C in orchard conditions. This increase in temperature accelerated flower bud development, caused a hastening in flowering time and following hand-pollination, reduced fruit set. At anthesis, flowers that had developed in warmer conditions weighed less and showed less development of the pistil than control flowers. Pistil growth of flowers under warm conditions did not differ from that of the control flowers when both the populations were compared on a real time scale in spite of the fact that warmed buds were at an advanced external phenological stage. Thus, hastening of external floral development by warm pre-blossom temperatures was not accompanied by advance in pistil development. This lack of synchrony resulted in premature flowering of flowers with underdeveloped pistils that had a reduced capability to set fruit. The results are discussed in terms of flower quality and its implications in fruit set and subsequent crop load
DescripciónThe definitive version is available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044238
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