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The N:Si:P molar ratio in the Strait of Gibraltar

AuthorsDafner, Evgeny V.; Boscolo, Roberta ; Bryden, Harry L.
Redfield molar ratio
Strait of Gibraltar
Issue Date2003
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
CitationGeophysical Research Letters 30: 1506 (2003)
AbstractAll existing descriptions of nutrient distributions in the Strait of Gibraltar suggest that the Atlantic water brings to the Mediterranean Sea nutrients in the Redfield ratio (N:Si:P = 16:15:1). Here, the N:Si:P molar ratios (±Standard Error), obtained in April 1998, are used to show that in the Atlantic water at the western entrance of the Strait this ratio is lower (13.8(±0.5):12.1(±1.0):1) than the classical Redfield ratio; it is close to the Redfield ratio in the middle of the Strait (15.6(±0.6):10.7(±0.9):1), and increases dramatically to 23.6(±3.4):29.1(±4.5):1 at the eastern entrance of the Strait. In the Mediterranean water, the N:Si:P ratio has a quite similar trend with 31.5(±6.0):26.5(±3.6):1 in the east, 20.4(±0.2):31.5(±11.1):1 in the middle and 18.1(±0.6): 17.6(±0.7):1 in the west of the Strait. The physical and biological processes that account for the observed spatial variability of the N:Si:P ratio along the Strait are identified. We estimated that in the Atlantic water entering the Mediterranean Sea, about 84% of the variability in N:Si:P molar ratio is due to biological and 16% to physical processes.
Description4 páginas, 2 tablas, 2 figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002GL016274
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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