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Title

Effect of prebiotic carbohydrates on the growth and tolerance of Lactobacillus

AuthorsHernández-Hernández, Oswaldo ; Muthaiyan, A.; Moreno, F. Javier ; Montilla, Antonia ; Sanz, M. Luz ; Ricke, S. C.
Issue Date2012
PublisherElsevier
CitationFood Microbiology 30(2): 355-361 (2012)
AbstractResistance to gastrointestinal conditions is a requirement for bacteria to be considered probiotics. In this work, we tested the resistance of six different Lactobacillus strains and the effect of carbon source to four different gastrointestinal conditions: presence of α-amylase, pancreatin, bile extract and low pH. Novel galactooligosaccharides synthesized from lactulose (GOS-Lu) as well as commercial galactooligosaccharides synthesized from lactose (GOS-La) and lactulose were used as carbon sources and compared with glucose. In general, all strains grew in all carbon sources, although after 24 h of fermentation the population of all Lactobacillus strains was higher for both types of GOS than for glucose and lactulose. No differences were found among GOS-Lu and GOS-La. α-amylase and pancreatin resistance was retained at all times for all strains. However, a dependence on carbon source and Lactobacillus strain was observed for bile extract and low pH resistance. High hydrophobicity was found for all strains with GOS-Lu when compared with other carbon sources. However, concentrations of lactic and acetic acids were higher in glucose and lactulose than GOS-Lu and GOS-La. These results show that the resistance to gastrointestinal conditions and hydrophobicity is directly related with the carbon source and Lactobacillus strains. In this sense, the use of prebiotics as GOS and lactulose could be an excellent alternative to monosaccharides to support growth of probiotic Lactobacillus strains and improve their survival through the gastrointestinal tract. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fm.2011.12.022
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/51651
DOI10.1016/j.fm.2011.12.022
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.fm.2011.12.022
issn: 0740-0020
e-issn: 1095-9998
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