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Climate change (elevated CO 2, elevated temperature and moderate drought) triggers the antioxidant enzymes' response of grapevine cv. Tempranillo, avoiding oxidative damage

AuthorsSalazar-Parra, Carolina CSIC; Aguirreolea, Jone; Sánchez-Díaz, Manuel CSIC ORCID; Irigoyen, Juan José CSIC ORCID; Morales Iribas, Fermín CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2012
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationPhysiologia Plantarum 144: 99-110 (2012)
AbstractPhotosynthetic carbon fixation (A N) and photosynthetic electron transport rate (ETR) are affected by different environmental stress factors, such as those associated with climate change. Under stress conditions, it can be generated an electron excess that cannot be consumed, which can react with O 2, producing reactive oxygen species. This work was aimed to evaluate the influence of climate change (elevated CO 2, elevated temperature and moderate drought) on the antioxidant status of grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cv. Tempranillo leaves, from veraison to ripeness. The lowest ratios between electrons generated (ETR) and consumed (A N + respiration + photorespiration) were observed in plants treated with elevated CO 2 and elevated temperature. In partially irrigated plants under current ambient conditions, electrons not consumed seemed to be diverted to alternative ways. Oxidative damage to chlorophylls and carotenoids was not observed. However, these plants had increases in thiobarbituric acid reacting substances, an indication of lipid peroxidation. These increases matched well with an early rise of H 2O 2 and antioxidant enzyme activities, superoxide dismutase (EC, ascorbate peroxidase (EC and catalase (EC Enzymatic activities were maintained high until ripeness. In conclusion, plants grown under current ambient conditions and moderate drought were less efficient to cope with oxidative damage than well-irrigated plants, and more interestingly, plants grown under moderate drought but treated with elevated CO 2 and elevated temperature were not affected by oxidative damage, mainly because of higher rates of electrons consumed in photosynthetic carbon fixation. © Physiologia Plantarum 2011.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2011.01524.x
issn: 0031-9317
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