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Título

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Inhibit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by Enabling the Ca2+-dependent Inactivation of Calcium Release-activated Calcium/Orai Channels Normally Prevented by Mitochondria

AutorMuñoz, Eva ; Valero, Ruth A. ; Quintana, A.; Hoth, M.; Núñez, Lucía ; Villalobos, Carlos
Fecha de publicación2011
EditorAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitaciónJournal of Biological Chemistry 286(18): 16186-16196 (2011)
ResumenAbnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation contributes to occlusive and proliferative disorders of the vessel wall. Salicylate and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit VSMC proliferation by an unknown mechanism unrelated to anti-inflammatory activity. In search for this mechanism, we have studied the effects of salicylate and other NSAIDs on subcellular Ca2+ homeostasis and Ca2+-dependent cell proliferation in rat aortic A10 cells, a model of neointimal VSMCs. We found that A10 cells displayed both store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and voltage-operated Ca2+ entry (VOCE), the former being more important quantitatively than the latter. Inhibition of SOCE by specific Ca2+ released-activated Ca2+ (CRAC/Orai) channels antagonists prevented A10 cell proliferation. Salicylate and other NSAIDs, including ibuprofen, indomethacin, and sulindac, inhibited SOCE and thereby Ca2+-dependent, A10 cell proliferation. SOCE, but not VOCE, induced mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake in A10 cells, and mitochondrial depolarization prevented SOCE, thus suggesting that mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake controls SOCE (but not VOCE) in A10 cells. NSAIDs depolarized mitochondria and prevented mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake, suggesting that they favor the Ca2+-dependent inactivation of CRAC/Orai channels. NSAIDs also inhibited SOCE in rat basophilic leukemia cells where mitochondrial control of CRAC/Orai is well established. NSAIDs accelerate slow inactivation of CRAC currents in rat basophilic leukemia cells under weak Ca2+ buffering conditions but not in strong Ca2+ buffer, thus excluding that NSAIDs inhibit SOCE directly. Taken together, our results indicate that NSAIDs inhibit VSMC proliferation by facilitating the Ca2+-dependent inactivation of CRAC/Orai channels which normally is prevented by mitochondria clearing of entering Ca2+.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/51274
DOI10.1074/jbc.M110.198952
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.198952
issn: 0021-9258
e-issn: 1083-351X
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