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Structure of the high molecular weight exopolysaccharide produced by Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis IPLA-R1 and sequence analysis of its putative eps cluster

AutorLeivers, Shaun; Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Claudio ; Robinson, Glenn; Margolles Barros, Abelardo ; Ruas-Madiedo, Patricia ; Laws, Andrew P.
Fecha de publicación13-dic-2011
EditorPergamon Press
CitaciónCarbohydrate Research 346(17): 2710-2717 (2011)
ResumenThe bile adapted strain Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis IPLA-R1 secretes a high molecular weight exopolysaccharide (HMW-EPS) when grown on the surface of agar-MRSC. This EPS is composed of l-rhamnopyranosyl, d-glucopyranosyl, d-galactopyranosyl and d-galactofuranosyl residues in the ratio of 3:1:1:1. Linkage analysis and 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy were used to show that the EPS has a hexasaccharide repeating unit with the following structure: α-D-Galf(1→2)-α-L-Rhap 1 ↓ 2 →4)-β-D-Glcp-(1→3)-α-L-Rhap-(1→2)-α-L-Rhap- (1→4)-β-D-Galp-(1→ Treatment of the EPS with mild acid cleanly removed the terminal d-galactofuranosyl residue. The eps cluster sequenced for strain IPLA-R1 showed high genetic homology with putative eps clusters annotated in the genomes of strains from the same species. It is of note that several genes coding for rhamnose-precursors are present in the eps cluster, which could be correlated with the high percentage of rhamnose detected in its EPS repeated unit. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/51271
DOI10.1016/j.carres.2011.09.010
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.carres.2011.09.010
issn: 0008-6215
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