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Structural, spectroscopic, magnetic and electrical characterization of Ca-doped polycrystalline bismuth ferrite, Bi1−xCaxFeO3−x/2 (x ≤ 0.1)

AutorSardar, K.; Catalán, Gustau ; Walton, Richard I.; Scott, James F.
Fecha de publicación2012
EditorInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitaciónJournal of Physics Condensed Matter 24(4): 045905 (2012)
ResumenThe crystal structure and physical properties of multiferroic polycrystalline Ca2+-doped BiFeO3 samples have been investigated. The present experimental investigation suggests that Bi1−xCaxFeO3−x/2 (x ≤ 0.1) can be considered as a solid solution between BiFeO3 and CaFeO2.5. The oxidation state of Fe in these materials is + 3 and charge balance occurs through the creation of oxygen vacancies. For each composition, two structural phase transitions are revealed as anomalies in the variable-temperature in situ x-ray diffraction data which is consistent with the well-established high-temperature structural transformation in pure BiFeO3. All compositions studied show antiferromagnetic behaviour along with a ferromagnetic component that increases with Ca2+ doping. The resistivities of the Bi1−xCaxFeO3−x/2 samples at room temperature are of the order of 109 Ω cm and decrease with increasing Ca2+ content. Arrhenius plots of the resistivity show two distinct linear regions with activation energies in the range of 0.4–0.7 and 0.03–0.16 eV. A correlation has been established between the critical temperatures associated with the structural phase transitions and the multiferroic properties. A composition of x = 0.085 is predicted to show maximum magneto-electric coupling.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/51102
DOI10.1088/0953-8984/24/4/045905
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1088/0953-8984/24/4/045905
issn: 0953-8984
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