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Synthesis, biological evaluation and structural characterization of novel glycopeptide analogues of nociceptin N/OFQ

AuthorsArsequell, Gemma ; Mayato, Carlos; Rosa, Mónica; Dorta, Rosa L. ; Gonzalez-Nuñez, Verónica; Barreto-Valer, Katherine; Marcelo, Filipa ; Calle Jiménez, Luis Pablo ; Vázquez, Jesús ; Rodríguez, Raquel E.; Jiménez-Barbero, Jesús ; Valencia Parera, Gregorio
Issue Date2-Jun-2011
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry 9(17):6133-42 (2011)
AbstractTo examine if the biological activity of the N/OFQ peptide, which is the native ligand of the pain-related and viable drug target NOP receptor, could be modulated by glycosylation and if such effects could be conformationally related, we have synthesized three N/OFQ glycopeptide analogues, namely: [Thr5-O-α-D-GalNAc-N/OFQ] (glycopeptide 1), [Ser10-O-α-D-GalNAc]-N/OFQ (glycopeptide 2) and [Ser10-O-β-D-GlcNAc]-N/OFQ] (glycopeptide 3). They were tested for biological activity in competition binding assays using the zebrafish animal model in which glycopeptide 2 exhibited a slightly improved binding affinity, whereas glycopeptide 1 showed a remarkably reduced binding affinity compared to the parent compound and glycopeptide 3. The structural analysis of these glycopeptides and the parent N/OFQ peptide by NMR and circular dichroism indicated that their aqueous solutions are mainly populated by random coil conformers. However, in membrane mimic environments a certain proportion of the molecules of all these peptides exist as α-helix structures. Interestingly, under these experimental conditions, glycopeptide 1 (glycosylated at Thr-5) exhibited a population of folded hairpin-like geometries. From these facts it is tempting to speculate that nociceptin analogues showing linear helical structures are more complementary and thus interact more efficiently with the native NOP receptor than folded structures, since glycopeptide 1 showed a significantly reduced binding affinity for the NOP receptor
Description10 páginas, 6 figuras, 1 tabla -- PAGS nros. 6133-6142
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C1OB05197K
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