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Experimental study on a non-dilute two-phase coflowing jet: Dynamics of particles in the near flow field

AuthorsCerecedo, L. M.; Aísa, L.; Ballester, Javier
Issue Date2009
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow 35: 468-483 (2009)
AbstractThe dynamics of particles in multi-phase jets has been widely studied due to its importance for a broad range of practical applications. The present work describes an experimental investigation on an initially non-dilute two-phase jet, aimed at improving the understanding in this field. A two-color PDPA has been employed to measure simultaneously the velocity and size of particles. The measurements are post-processed to check the reliability of the results and to derive information on particle volume flux as an indication of their concentration. Acoustic forcing is applied in order to control coherent structures, which are responsible for mixing and transport phenomena, and also to get phase-locked measurements. Phase-averaged statistics enabled to freeze the jet structure, not visible in the time-averaged data. The results along the jet centerline confirm that drag forces and the spread angle of the jet initially control particle dispersion, very near the nozzle exit (x/D < 4). However, as the vortical structures evolve forming tongue-shaped structures, the total particle volume flux is augmented when these structures connect with the main stream (x/D > 5). This is due to an increase of the number of smaller size particles, even when a decrease of the number of larger size particle is observed. Further analysis at five cross-stream sections across two consecutive vortices confirm that small particles are convected around the coherent structure and then incorporated to the main stream, increasing the particle concentration at the jet core. On the other hand, the number of larger particles (as well as their contribution to axial volume flux) starts to decay in regions of high azymuthal vorticity. This behaviour is partly ascribed to the transversal lift force, associated to the large spatial gradients observed in these regions. Saffman and Magnus forces have been estimated to be comparable or even greater than radial drag forces. The results suggest that the Saffman force might accelerate particles in radial direction, inducing a high radial volumetric flow rate from high to low axial velocity regions. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2008.07.003
issn: 0301-9322
Appears in Collections:(LIFTEC) Artículos
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