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Application of pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to study changes in the organic matter of macro- and microaggregates of a Mediterranean soil upon heating

AuthorsCampo, Julián ; Nierop, Klaas G. J.; Cammeraat, E.; Andreu Pérez, V. ; Rubio, José Luis
KeywordsForest fires
Organic matter composition
Quercus coccifera
Bare soil
Pyrolysis gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
Soil aggregation
Issue Date29-Jul-2011
CitationJournal of Chromatography - A 1218(30): 4817 - 4827 (2011)
AbstractThe heating effect on the soil organic matter (SOM) of a Mediterranean soil was studied in two fractions (macro- and microaggregates) and in two environments (soil under canopy of Quercus coccifera and bare soil between plants). Samples were heated under laboratory conditions at different temperatures (220, 380 and 500 degrees C) to establish their effects on the SOM quality and quantity by comparison with unheated control samples (25 degrees C). The SOM content in the soil under canopy was higher than in the bare one and in the microaggregate fractions than in the macroaggregate ones. Increasing temperatures caused, in general. the decrease of SOM content in both soils as well as in both aggregate classes. The quality of SOM was determined after extraction with 0.1 M NaOH and analysed by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Obtained pyrolysates were characterized by the presence of polyphenols and other aromatic pyrolysis products (lipids, polysaccharides, proteins and lignin derivatives). Some of the products in these control samples, and furthermore the presence of black carbon (BC) markers (e.g. benzene, pyridine and toluene), confirmed the occurrence of past wildfires in the study zone. The composition of the SOM extracted from the soils heated at 220 degrees C, was quite similar to that obtained from unheated soils. The products derived from polysaccharides and lignin, and some coming from polyphenols, were not detected in the pyrolysates of the soil heated at 380 and 500 degrees C.
Description11 páginas, 7 figuras, 3 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2011.03.038
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