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Title

Gene expression regulation and cancer

AuthorsDelgado, M. Dolores ; León, Javier
Issue Date2006
PublisherSpringer
CitationClinical and Translational Oncology 8(11): 780-787 (2006)
AbstractGene expression is mostly controlled at the level of the transcription initiation. The transcription control regions of protein-encoding genes include: the core promoter, where RNA polymerase II binds, the proximal and distal promoter, responsible for gene expression regulation, and the enhancers and silencers. Chromatin represents an additional level of regulation of gene expression. The switching between inactive and active chromatin is closely related to the activity of histone-modifying enzymes and chromatin-remodelling complexes. Transcriptional activation of a gene requires the binding of specific transcription factors to regulatory DNA elements, the opening of the chromatin, the binding of Mediator, and the assembly of the preinitiation complex with RNA polymerase and RNA synthesis initiation. Transcription factors,ultimately transduce the proliferation signals elicited by growth factors. Moreover, many human oncogenes encode for transcription factors, and some of them are prevalent in particular neoplasias (e.g., MYC, MLL, PML-RARα). Also, some of the most prominent tumor suppressors (e.g. p53) are transcription factors. © FESEO 2006.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/50275
DOI10.1007/s12094-006-0132-7
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s12094-006-0132-7
issn: 1699-048X
Appears in Collections:(IBBTEC) Artículos
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