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Characterization of a costa rican granulovirus strain highly pathogenic against its indigenous hosts, phthorimaea operculella and tecia solanivora

AuthorsGómez-Bonilla, Yannery; López-Ferber, Miguel; Caballero, Primitivo ; Léry, Xavier; Muñoz, Delia
KeywordsMicrobial control
Adaptation to host
Integrated pest management
Issue DateSep-2011
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 140(3): 238-246 (2011)
AbstractA granulovirus isolate collected from diseased Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) larvae in Costa Rican potato [Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae)] crops was characterized at the molecular and biological level. Restriction endonuclease analysis identified this isolate as a novel P. operculella granulovirus (PhopGV) (Baculoviridae: Betabaculovirus) strain and was designated as PhopGV-CR1. In addition, PCR amplification of four specific variable genomic regions yielded multiple amplicons for two open reading frames, revealing the presence of different genotypic variants within the virus population. Biologically, PhopGV-CR1 was highly pathogenic for its two indigenous hosts, although significant differences of up to four-fold were detected against P. operculella [LD 50=17.9occlusion bodies (OBs)mm -2] and Tecia solanivora (Povolny) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) (LD 50=69.1OBsmm -2). The two P. operculella colonies, from Costa Rica and France, were equally susceptible to PhopGV-CR1. Serial passage of PhopGV-CR1 over four generations in T. solanivora increased its pathogenicity by five-fold in three generations, suggesting an ongoing adaptation to its alternate host.
Description9 p., 2 figures, 5 tables and references
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2011.01156.x
Appears in Collections:(IDAB) Artículos
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