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Título : Milk Production, Conjugated Linoleic Acid Content, and In Vitro Ruminal Fermentation in Response to High Levels of Soybean Oil in Dairy Ewe Diet
Autor : Gómez-Cortés, Pilar ; Frutos, Pilar ; Mantecón, Ángel R. ; Juárez, Manuela ; Fuente, Miguel Ángel de la ; Hervás, Gonzalo
Palabras clave : Conjugated Linoleic Acid
Ewe
Milk
Soybean oil
Fecha de publicación : 2008
Editor: American Dairy Science Association
Citación : Journal of Dairy Science 91: 1560-1569 (2008)
Resumen: Feeding vegetable oils rich in linoleic acid has been demonstrated to be an effective strategy to enrich milk with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). However, high amounts of vegetable oil in the diet in free form could adversely affect animal performance, mainly in sheep. The aim of this work was to improve the ewe milk fatty acid profile by increasing potentially healthy acids such as CLA without any detrimental effects on milk production and ruminal fermentation with soybean oil (SBO) diet supplementation. Twenty-four ewes were assigned to 2 treatments and fed 2 diets (control or supplemented with 6% of SBO; 2 lots of 6 animals per treatment) and fed ad libitum for 4 wk. The forage:concentrate ratio was 20:80. Batch cultures of rumen microorganisms were used to study in vitro rumen fermentation. Changes in fatty acid profile were characterized as a reduction in C6:0 to C16:0 at the expense of an increase in C18:0, C18:1 isomers, and CLA concentrations. Proportions of milk CLA and trans-11 C18:1 (vaccenic acid) went from 1.04 to 3.44 and 2.08 to 6.20 g/100 g of total fatty acids, respectively. However, the SBO diet also increased trans-10 C18:1 and other trans C18:1 content. No significant decreases were found in the treatments for dry matter intake and milk production. The notable increases in trans-10, cis-12 and trans-9, cis-11 were not accompanied by fat level decreases in ewe milk. Concerning in vitro ruminal fermentation, no significant differences were found in the extent and rate of gas production, effective degradability, in vitro true digestibility, and volatile fatty acid production. The results demonstrate that dairy sheep milk CLA content can be substantially increased (more than 3-fold) by adding high levels of SBO in the diet as free oil, without any negative effects on animal performance.
Descripción : 10 pages, 5 tables, 1 figure.-- PMID: 18349249 [PubMed].-- © 2008 American Dairy Science Association.
Previously published as proceeding at the XXXVIII Jornadas de Estudio AIDA (XII Jornadas sobre Producción Animal) (Zaragoza, Spain, May 16-17, 2007). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/4374
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0722
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10261/4967
DOI: 10.3168/jds.2007-0722
ISSN: 0022-0302
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