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Recombinant infectious hematopoietic necrosis viruses induce protection for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

AuthorsRomero, Alejandro ; Figueras Huerta, Antonio ; Thoulouze, Maria-Isabel; Bremont, Michel; Novoa, Beatriz
Recombinant virus
Issue Date2008
PublisherInter Research
CitationDiseasses of Aquatic Organisms 80: 123-135 (2008)
AbstractInfectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) and viral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) are rhabdoviruses that infect salmonids, producing serious economic losses. Two recombinant IHN viruses were generated by reverse genetics. For one (rIHNV GFP) the IHNV NV gene was replaced with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene. In the other (rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP) the G gene was also exchanged for that of VHSV. No mortalities, external signs or histological lesions were observed in experimental infections conducted with the recombinant viruses. Neither the rIHNV GFP nor rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP was detected by RT-PCR in any of the examined tissues from experimentally infected fish. In order to assess their potential as vaccines against the wild type viruses, rainbow trout were vaccinated with the recombinant viruses by intraperitoneal injection and challenged 30 d later with virulent IHNV or VHSV. The GFP viruses provided protection against both wild type viruses. None of the recombinant viruses induced antibody production, and the expression of interferon (IFNαβ) and interferon induced genes such as Mx protein and ISG-15 was not different to that of controls. The rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP did not inhibit cellular apoptosis as it was observed in an IHNV inoculated fish cell line. These studies suggest that the recombinant rIHNV-Gvhsv GFP is a promising candidate as a live recombinant vaccine and also provides a good model to further study viral pathogenicity and the molecular basis of protection against these viral infections
Description13 páginas, 8 figuras, 1 tabla
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/dao01932
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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