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Cymbopogon citratus as source of new and safe anti-inflammatory drugs: Bio-guided assay using lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages

AutorFrancisco, Vera; García-Rodríguez, Carmen
Fecha de publicaciónene-2011
CitaciónJournal of Ethnopharmacology 133(2): 818-827 (2011)
Resumen[Ethnopharmacological relevance]: Aqueous extracts of Cymbopogon citratus (Cy) leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory conditions, however, little is known about their mechanism of action. [Aim of the study]: The aim of this study is to explore the anti-inflammatory properties of Cymbopogon citratus leaves and their polyphenol-rich fractions (PFs), as well its mechanism of action in murine macrophages. [Materials and methods]: A lipid- and essential oil-free infusion of Cy leaves was prepared (Cy extract) and fractionated by column chromatography. Anti-inflammatory properties of Cy extract (1.115 mg/ml) and its PFs, namely phenolic acids (530 g/ml), flavonoids (97.5 g/ml) and tannins (78 g/ml), were investigated using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw 264.7 macrophages as in vitro model. As inflammatory parameters, nitric oxide (NO) production was evaluated by Griess reaction, as well as effects on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression and on intracellular signaling pathways activation, which were analyzed by Western blot using specific antibodies. [Results]: Cy extract inhibited iNOS expression, NO production and various LPS-induced pathways like p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) 1/2 and the transcription nuclear factor (NF)- B. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 and the phosphatidylinositol- 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt activation were not affected by Cy extract. Both phenolic acid- and tannin-rich fractions significantly inhibited NF- B activation, iNOS expression and NO production but none of the PFs modulated MAPKs or PI3K/Akt activation. Neither Cy extract nor PFs affected LPS-induced COX-2 expression but LPS-induced PGE2 production is inhibited by Cy extract and by phenolic acid-rich fraction. [Conclusions]: Our data provide evidence that support the usage of Cymbopogon citratus leaves extract in traditional medicine, and suggest that Cy, in particular its polyphenolic compounds, could constitute a natural source of a new and safe anti-inflammatory drug.
Descripción10 páginas, 9 figuras, 1 tabla.-- et al.-- El pdf del artículo es la versión de autor.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.11.018
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