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Mechanistic Insights into the Role of Val75 of HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase in Misinsertion and Mispair Extension Fidelity of DNA Synthesis

AuthorsMatamoros Grande, Tania ; Kim, Baek; Menéndez-Arias, Luis
DNA polymerase
Reverse transcriptase
Drug resistance
Issue Date17-Nov-2007
CitationJournal of Molecular Biology Vol. 375, Issue 5, 1 February 2008, Pages 1234-1248
AbstractThe side chain of Val75 stabilizes the fingers subdomain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (RT), while its peptide backbone interacts with the single-stranded DNA template (at nucleotide + 1) and with the peptide backbone of Gln151. Specific DNA polymerase activities of mutant RTs bearing amino acid substitutions at position 75 (i.e., V75A, V75F, V75I, V75L, V75M, V75S and V75T) were relatively high. Primer extension experiments carried out in the absence of one deoxyribonucleoside-triphosphate suggested that mutations did not affect the accuracy of the RT, except for V75A, V75F, V75I, and to a lesser extent V75T. The fidelity of RTs bearing mutations V75F and V75I increased 1.8- and 3-fold, respectively, as measured by the M13 lacZ forward mutation assay, while V75A showed 1.4-fold decreased accuracy. Steady- and pre-steady-state kinetics demonstrated that the increased fidelity of V75I and V75F was related to their decreased ability to extend mismatched template–primers, while misincorporation efficiencies were not significantly affected by mutations. The increased mispair extension fidelity of mutant V75I RT could be attributed to the nucleotide affinity loss, observed in reactions with mismatched template–primers. Altogether, these data suggest that Val75 interactions with the 5′ template overhang are important determinants of fidelity
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2007.11.021
Appears in Collections:(CBM) Artículos
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