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A revisit to O2 sensing and transduction in the carotid body chemoreceptors in the context of reactive oxygen species biology

AuthorsGonzález, Constancio ; Agapito, Teresa ; Rocher, Asunción ; Gómez-Niño, A.; Rigual, Ricardo ; Castañeda, J.; Conde, Silvia V.; Obeso, Ana
Issue DateDec-2010
CitationRespiratory Physiology and Neurobiology 174(3): 317-330 (2010)
AbstractOxygen-sensing and transduction in purposeful responses in cells and organisms is of great physiological and medical interest. All animals, including humans, encounter in their lifespan many situations in which oxygen availability might be insufficient, whether acutely or chronically, physiologically or pathologically. Therefore to trace at the molecular level the sequence of events or steps connecting the oxygen deficit with the cell responses is of interest in itself as an achievement of science. In addition, it is also of great medical interest as such knowledge might facilitate the therapeutical approach to patients and to design strategies to minimize hypoxic damage. In our article we define the concepts of sensors and transducers, the steps of the hypoxic transduction cascade in the carotidbodychemoreceptor cells and also discuss current models of oxygen- sensing (bioenergetic, biosynthetic and conformational) with their supportive and unsupportive data from updated literature. We envision oxygen-sensing in carotidbodychemoreceptor cells as a process initiated at the level of plasma membrane and performed by a hemoprotein, which might be NOX4 or a hemoprotein not yet chemically identified. Upon oxygen-desaturation, the sensor would experience conformational changes allosterically transmitted to oxygen regulated K+ channels, the initial effectors in the transduction cascade. A decrease in their opening probability would produce cell depolarization, activation of voltage dependent calcium channels and release of neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters would activate the nerve endings of the carotidbody sensory nerve to convey the information of the hypoxic situation to the central nervous system that would command ventilation to fight hypoxia.
Description14 páginas, 4 figuras, 2 tablas.-- This paper is part of a special issue entitled: “Physiological Redox: Regulation in Respiratory, Vascular, and Neural Cells”, guest-edited by Paul T. Schumacker and Jeremy P.T. Ward.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2010.09.002
Appears in Collections:(IBGM) Artículos
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