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Development of a selective culture medium for primary isolation of the main Brucella Species

AuthorsMiguel, María Jesús de; Marín, Clara M.; Muñoz, Pilar M. ; Dieste, L.; Grilló, María Jesús ; Blasco, José M.
Issue DateApr-2011
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationJournal of Clinical Microbiology 49(4): 1458-1463 (2011)
AbstractBacteriological diagnosis of brucellosis is performed by culturing animal samples directly on both Farrell medium (FM) and modified Thayer-Martin medium (mTM). However, despite inhibiting most contaminating microorganisms, FM also inhibits the growth of Brucella ovis and some B. melitensis and B. abortus strains. In contrast, mTM is adequate for growth of all Brucella species but only partially inhibitory for contaminants. Moreover, the performance of both culture media for isolating B. suis has never been established properly. We first determined the performance of both media for B. suis isolation, proving that FM significantly inhibits B. suis growth. We also determined the susceptibility of B. suis to the antibiotics contained in both selective media, proving that nalidixic acid and bacitracin are highly inhibitory, thus explaining the reduced performance of FM for B. suis isolation. Based on these results, a new selective medium (CITA) containing vancomycin, colistin, nystatin, nitrofurantoin, and amphotericin B was tested for isolation of the main Brucella species, including B. suis. CITA's performance was evaluated using reference contaminant strains but also field samples taken from brucella-infected animals or animals suspected of infection. CITA inhibited most contaminant microorganisms but allowed the growth of all Brucella species, to levels similar to those for both the control medium without antibiotics and mTM. Moreover, CITA medium was more sensitive than both mTM and FM for isolating all Brucella species from field samples. Altogether, these results demonstrate the adequate performance of CITA medium for the primary isolation of the main Brucella species, including B. suis.
Description6 p., 4 tables, 1 figure and bibliography
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.02301-10
Appears in Collections:(IDAB) Artículos
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