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Mixed genotype transmission bodies and virions contribute to the maintenance of diversity in an insect virus

AutorClavijo, Gabriel ; Williams, Trevor G.; Muñoz, Delia ; Caballero, Primitivo ; López-Ferber, Miguel
Palabras claveBaculovirus
Genotype diversity
Occlusion body
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2010
EditorRoyal Society (Great Britain)
CitaciónProceedings of the Royal Society of London - B 277(1683): 943-951 (2010)
ResumenAn insect nucleopolyhedrovirus naturally survives as a mixture of at least nine genotypes. Infection by multiple genotypes results in the production of virus occlusion bodies (OBs) with greater pathogenicity than those of any genotype alone. We tested the hypothesis that each OB contains a genotypically diverse population of virions. Few insects died following inoculation with an experimental two-genotype mixture at a dose of one OB per insect, but a high proportion of multiple infections were observed (50%), which differed significantly from the frequencies predicted by a non-associated transmission model in which genotypes are segregated into distinct OBs. By contrast, insects that consumed multiple OBs experienced higher mortality and infection frequencies did not differ significantly from those of the non-associated model. Inoculation with genotypically complex wild-type OBs indicated that genotypes tend to be transmitted in association, rather than as independent entities, irrespective of dose. To examine the hypothesis that virions may themselves be genotypically heterogeneous, cell culture plaques derived from individual virions were analysed to reveal that one-third of virions was of mixed genotype, irrespective of the genotypic composition of the OBs. We conclude that co-occlusion of genotypically distinct virions in each OB is an adaptive mechanism that favours the maintenance of virus diversity during insect-to-insect transmission.
Descripción9 p., 4 tables, 1 figure and bibliography
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2009.1838
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