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Effect of dissolved organic matter (DOM) of contrasting origins on Cu and Pb speciation and toxicity to Paracentrotus lividus larvae

AuthorsSánchez-Marín, Paula; Santos-Echeandía, Juan ; Nieto-Cid, Mar ; Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón ; Beiras, Ricardo
Metal speciation
Anodic stripping voltammetry
Sea urchin bioassay
Issue Date2010
CitationAquatic Toxicology 96(2): 90-102 (2010)
AbstractWater samples of contrasting origin, including natural seawater, two sediment elutriates and sewage-influenced seawater, were collected and obtained to examine the effect of the dissolvedorganicmatter (DOM) present on metal bioavailability. The carbon content (DOC) and the optical properties (absorbance and fluorescence) of the coloured DOM fraction (CDOM) of these materials were determined. Cu and Pb complexation properties were measured by anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) and the effect of DOM on Cu and Pb bioavailability was studied by means of the Paracentrotus lividus embryo-larval bioassay. Sediment elutriates and sewage-influenced water (1) were enriched 1.4–1.7 times in DOC; (2) absorbed and reemitted more light; and (3) presented higher Cu complexation capacities (LCu) than the natural seawater used for their preparation. LCu varied from 0.08 μM in natural seawater to 0.3 and 0.5 μM in sediment elutriates and sewage-influenced water, respectively. Differences in DOC, CDOM and Cu complexation capacities were reflected in Cu toxicity. DOM enriched samples presented a Cu EC50 of 0.64 μM, significantly higher than the Cu EC50 of natural and artificial seawater, which was 0.38 μM. The protecting effect of DOM on Cu toxicity greatly disappeared when the samples were irradiated with high intensity UV-light. Cu toxicity could be successfully predicted considering ASV-labile Cu concentrations in the samples. Pb complexation by DOM was only detected in the DOM-enriched samples and caused little effect on Pb EC50. This effect was contrary for both elutriates: one elutriate reduced Pb toxicity in comparison with the control artificial seawater, while the other increased it. UV irradiation of the samples caused a marked increase in Pb toxicity, which correlated with the remaining DOC concentration. DOM parameters were related to Cu speciation and toxicity: good correlations were found between DOC and Cu EC50, while LCu correlated better with the fluorescence of marine humic substances. The present results stress the importance of characterizing not only the amount but also the quality of seawater DOM to better predict ecological effects from total metal concentration data
Description4 tablas, 6 figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2009.10.005
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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