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Behavior of extramacrochaetae mutant cells in the morphogenesis of the Drosophila wing

AuthorsCelis, José F. de ; Baonza, Antonio ; García-Bellido, Antonio
KeywordsClonal restrictions
Vein differentiation
Cell proliferation control
Issue Date1995
CitationMechanisms of Development 53 (2): 209–221 (1995)
AbstractThe gene extramacrochaetae (emc) encodes a non-basic Helix-loop-helix (HLH) protein that interacts and antagonises other basic-HLH proteins. The expression pattern of emc, and the phenotype of lethal emc alleles indicate that this gene is operative in several developmental processes. Here we study the requirements for emc during cell proliferation and vein differentiation in the wing. Mosaic analysis of hypomorphic conditions of emc reveals the tendency of mutant cells to proliferate along the veins as long stripes. Large clones abuting two adjacent veins obliterate the corresponding inter-vein, affecting the size and shape of the whole wing. Thus, the emc gene participates in the control of cell proliferation within inter-vein regions in the wing. Similar effects were found in the haltere and in the leg. The behavior of emc cells in genetic mosaics indicate that (1) proliferation is locally controlled within inter-vein sectors, (2) cells proliferate according to their genetic activity along preferential positions in the wing morphogenetic landscape and (3) cell proliferation in the wing is integrated by ‘accommodation’ between mutant and wild type cells.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0925-4773(95)00436-5
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