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dc.contributor.authorŠtefanić, Saša-
dc.contributor.authorSpycher, Cornelia-
dc.contributor.authorMorf, Laura-
dc.contributor.authorFabriàs, Gemma-
dc.contributor.authorCasas, Josefina-
dc.contributor.authorSchraner, Elisabeth-
dc.contributor.authorWild, Peter-
dc.contributor.authorHehl, Adriana B.-
dc.contributor.authorSonda, Sabrina-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Lipid Researches_ES
dc.description.abstractSynthesis of glucosylceramide via glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) is a crucial event in higher eukaryotes, both for the production of complex glycosphingolipids and for regulating cellular levels of ceramide, a potent antiproliferative second messenger. In this study, we explored the dependence of the early branching eukaryote Giardia lamblia on GCS activity. Biochemical analyses revealed that the parasite has a GCS located in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes that is active in proliferating and encysting trophozoites. Pharmacological inhibition of GCS induced aberrant cell division, characterized by arrest of cytokinesis, incomplete cleavage furrow formation, and consequent block of replication. Importantly, we showed that increased ceramide levels were responsible for the cytokinesis arrest. In addition, GCS inhibition resulted in prominent ultrastructural abnormalities, including accumulation of cytosolic vesicles, enlarged lysosomes, and clathrin disorganization. Moreover, anterograde trafficking of the encystations-specific protein CWP1 was severely compromised and resulted in inhibition of stage differentiation. Our results reveal novel aspects of lipid metabolism in G. lamblia and specifically highlight the vital role of GCS in regulating cell cycle progression, membrane trafficking events, and stage differentiation in this parasite. In addition, we identified ceramide as a potent bioactive molecule, underscoring the universal conservation of ceramide signaling in eukaryotes.es_ES
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biologyes_ES
dc.subjectCell divisiones_ES
dc.subjectVesicular traffickinges_ES
dc.titleGlucosylceramide synthesis inhibition affects cell cycle progression, membrane trafficking, and stage differentiation in Giardia lambliaes_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
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