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Impact of Thermal Processing on the Activity of Gallotannins and Condensed Tannins from Hamamelis virginiana Used as Functional Ingredients in Seafood

AuthorsTorres, Josep Lluís ; González, M. Jesús ; Medina, Isabel
KeywordsHamamelis virginiana
Hydrolyzable tannins
Thermal processes
Fish lipid oxidation
Issue Date2011
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
AbstractPhenolic extracts from witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, are efficient antioxidants against fish lipid peroxidation. The impact of fish thermal processes on the hydrolyzable polyphenols from this source was studied. H. virginiana polyphenols included 80% of hydrolyzable tannins, characterized by a mixture of glucose gallates containing from 5 to 10 units of gallic acid, hamamelitannin, and 20% of proanthocyanidins. Structural modifications of the polyphenols during thermal processes were determined by HPLC-MS. Changes in their reducing and free radical scavenging capacities as a result of high temperatures were also determined. Thermal processes triggered a significant breakdown of hydrolyzable tannins with 6−10 galloyl units to give pentagalloyl glucose (PGG). The release of high concentrations of free gallic acid especially in long-term thermally processed samples leads to an increase of the antioxidant ability of heated H. virginiana extracts. Such an increase was evidenced by an increment in the reducing and radical scavenging capacities as well as an improvement in the antioxidant effectiveness for inhibiting lipid oxidation of processed fatty fish muscle.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf904032y
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