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dc.contributor.authorMorellón, Mario-
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Sanz, Ana-
dc.contributor.authorCorella, Juan Pablo-
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Sampériz, Penélope-
dc.contributor.authorMoreno Caballud, Ana-
dc.contributor.authorLópez Sáez, José Antonio-
dc.contributor.authorValero-Garcés, Blas L.-
dc.identifier.citationClimate of the Past 8: 683–700 (2012)es_ES
dc.description18 páginas, 1 tabla, 3 figurases_ES
dc.description.abstractThis paper reviews multi-proxy paleoclimatic reconstructions with robust age-control derived from lacustrine, dendrochronological and geomorphological records and characterizes the main environmental changes that occurred in the Southern Pyrenees during the last millennium. Warmer and relatively arid conditions prevailed during the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA, ca. 900–1300 AD), with a significant development of xerophytes and Mediterranean vegetation and limited deciduous tree formations (mesophytes). The Little Ice Age (LIA, 1300–1800 AD) was generally colder and moister, with an expansion of deciduous taxa and cold-adapted montane conifers. Two major phases occurred within this period: (i) a transition MCA–LIA, characterized by fluctuating, moist conditions and relatively cold temperatures (ca. 1300 and 1600 AD); and (ii) a second period, characterized by the coldest and most humid conditions, coinciding with maximum (recent) glacier advances (ca. 1600–1800 AD). Glaciers retreated after the LIA when warmer and more arid conditions dominated, interrupted by a short-living cooling episode during the late 19th to early 20th centuries. Some records suggest a response to solar activity with colder and slightly moister conditions during solar minima. Centennial-scale hydrological fluctuations are in phase with reconstructions of NAO variability, which appears to be one of the main climate mechanisms influencing rainfall variations in the region during the last millennium.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research has been funded by the Spanish InterMinistry of Science and Technology (CICYT), through the projects LIMNOCAL (CGL2006-13327-C04-01), GLOBALKARST (REN2003-09130-C02-02), GRACCIECONSOLIDER (CSD2007-00067), DINAMO (CGL2009-645- 07992) and CRYOMONT (CGL2010-19724). Additional support was provided by the Spanish National Parks Agency through the project HORDA (083/2009). M. Morell´on is supported by a Postdoctoral fellowship funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science through FECYT (Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology), A. P´erez-Sanz is supported by a pre-doctoral fellowship funded by the Regional Aragonese Government and A. Moreno acknowledges the “Ram´on y Cajal” postdoctoral program for funding. Miguel Sevilla is acknowledged for his help with Fig. 1. We thank Gerardo Benito, William Fletcher, Lourdes L´opez-Merino and anonymous referee for their helpful comments and their criticism, which led to a considerable improvement of the manuscript.es_ES
dc.publisherEuropean Geosciences Uniones_ES
dc.titleA multi-proxy perspective on millennium-long climate variability in the Southern Pyreneeses_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia y Tecnología (España)-
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Educación y Ciencia (España)-
dc.contributor.funderGobierno de Aragón-
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