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Water relations and gas exchange in olive trees under regulated deficit irrigation and partial rootzone drying

AutorFernández Luque, José Enrique ; Díaz-Espejo, Antonio ; Infante, J. M.; Durán, Pablo ; Martín Palomo, Mª José; Chamorro, Vanesa; Girón Moreno, Ignacio F. ; Villargarcía Sáiz, L.
Palabras claveStem water potential
Stomatal conductance
Net CO2 assimilation rate
Sap flow
Fecha de publicación2006
CitaciónPlant Soil 284: 273–291 (2006)
ResumenIt is widely believed that partial root drying (PRD) reduces water losses by transpiration without affecting yield. However, experimental work carried out to date does not always support this hypothesis. In many cases a PRD treatment has been compared to a full irrigated treatment, so doubt remains on whether the observed benefits correspond to the switching of irrigation or just to PRD being a deficit irrigation treatment. In addition, not always a PRD treatment has been found advantageous as compared to a companion regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) treatment. In this work we have compared the response of mature ‘Manzanilla’ olive trees to a PRD and an RDI treatment in which about 50%of the crop evapotranspiration (ETc) was supplied daily by localised irrigation. We alternated irrigation in the PRD treatment every 2 weeks in 2003 and every 3 weeks in 2004. Measurements of stem water potential (Ystem), stomatal conductance (gs) and net CO2 assimilation rate (A) were made in trees of both treatments, as well as in trees irrigated to 100% of ETc (Control trees) and in Rain-fed trees. Sap flow was also measured in different conductive organs of trees under both PRD and RDI treatments, to evaluate the influence of alternating irrigation on root water uptake and tree water consumption. We found small and random differences in Ystem, gs and A, which gave no evidence of PRD causing a positive effect on the olive tree performance, as compared to RDI. Stomatal conductance decreased in PRD trees as compared to Control trees, but a similar decrease in gs was also recorded in the RDI trees. Sap flow measurements, which reflected water use throughout the irrigation period, also showed no evidence of gs being more reduced in PRD than in RDI trees. Daily water consumption was also similar in the trees of the deficit irrigation treatments, for most days, throughout the irrigation period. Alternating irrigation in PRD trees did not cause a change in either water taken up by main roots at each side of the trees, or in the sap flow of both trunk locations and main branches of each side. Results from this work, and from previous work conducted in this orchard, suggest that transpiration is restricted in trees under deficit irrigation, in which roots are left in drying soil when water is applied by localised irrigation, and that there is no need to alternate irrigation for achieving this effect.
Descripción19 páginas, 9 figuras, 2 tablas, 58 referencias.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-006-0045-9
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