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Contrasting effects of nitrogen limitation and amino acid imbalance on carbon and nitrogen turnover in three species of Collembola

AuthorsLarsen, T. ; Ventura, Marc ; O'Brien, Diane M.; Magid, J.; Lomstein, B. A.; Larsen, J.
KeywordsEnergy and nutrient budgets
Diet quality
Isotope patterns of amino acids
Nutritional resources
Soil detritivores
Stable isotopes
Tissue replacement
Issue Date2011
CitationSoil Biology and Biochemistry 43(4) : 749-759 (2011)
AbstractSoil animal detritivores play an important role in facilitating decomposition processes but little information is available on how the quality of dietary resources affects their stoichiometry of carbon (C) nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), and turnover of C and N. This study investigated how a fungal diet, Fusarium culmorum, with a low N content and imbalanced amino acid (AA) composition affected the physiology of three soil-dwelling collembolans (Folsomia candida, Protaphorura fimata and Proisotoma minuta) in comparison to a control diet, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, with a high N content and balanced AA composition. We compared the elemental composition of animals, their growth rates and tissue replacement of C and N.We also measured the individual AA d13C to investigate the extent that Collembola may rely on endogenous sources to compensate for scarcity of essential AAs. The results showed that animal’s N content tracked closely the composition of their diets, decreasing from around 10 to 7% N from the high to low N diet. They also had a significant increase of C and a decrease of P. P. fimata was less affected than F. candida and P. minuta. The total incorporation of C and N in the animals due to growth and tissue replacement decreased from 11e17 to 6e12% DM d 1 on the high and low N diet respectively with P. fimata experiencing the smallest change. Essential AAs d13C did not always match perfectly between Collembola species and their diets; particularly on the low N diet. Isotope patterns of AAs indicate that bacteria may have been the alternative source of essential AAs. While the results of this study cannot be extrapolated directly to the dynamics of Collembola populations in the field, they serve to demonstrate their flexibility in adapting physiologically to the temporal and spatial patchiness of the soil environment.
Description11 páginas, 5 figuras, 4 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.12.008
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
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