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Study of the inhibitioncapacity of an 18-mer peptide domain of GBV-C virus on gp41-FP HIV-1 activity

AuthorsHaro Villar, Isabel ; Gómara Elena, María José ; Galatola, Ramona ; Domènech, Òscar; Prat, Josefina; Girona, Victoria
Lipid monolayer
Peptide–peptide binding
Issue Date2011
CitationBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
AbstractThe peptide sequence (175–192) RFPFHRCGAGPKLTKDLE (P59) of the E2 envelope protein of GB virus C (GBV-C) has been proved to decrease cellular membrane fusion and interfere with the HIV-1 infectivity in a dose-dependent manner. Based on these previous results, the main objective of this study was to deepen in the physicochemical aspects involved in this interaction. First, we analyzed the surface activity of P59 at the air–water interface as well as its interaction with zwitterionic or negatively charged lipid monolayers. Then we performed the same experiments with mixtures of P59/gp41-FP. Studies on lipid monolayers helped us to understand the lipid–peptide interaction and the influence of phospholipids on peptide penetration into lipid media. On another hand, studies with lipid bilayers showed that P59 decreased gp41-FP binding to anionic Large Unilamellar Vesicles. Results can be attributed to the differences in morphology of the peptides, as observed by Atomic Force Microscopy. When P59 and gp41-FP were incubated together, annular structures of about 200 nm in diameter appeared on the mica surface, thus indicating a peptide–peptide interaction. All these results confirm the gp41-FP–P59 interaction and thus support the hypothesis that gp41-FP is inhibited by P59.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2011.02.019
Appears in Collections:(IQAC) Artículos
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