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Cadmium availability in soil and retention in oak roots: potential for phytostabilization

AuthorsDomínguez, María Teresa ; Madrid Díaz, Fernando ; Marañón, Teodoro ; Murillo Carpio, José Manuel
Fine roots
Chlorophyll fluorescence
Issue DateJul-2009
CitationChemosphere Environmental Chemistry 76(4): 480-486 (2009)
AbstractAfforestation of contaminated land by trees is considered as a feasible strategy for the extensive stabilization of contaminants. In this work, we studied the patterns of metal availability (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in a contaminated and afforested area. Specifically, we observed the response of Holm oak (Quercus ilex subsp. ballota) leaves to changes in the availability of metals under field conditions, focusing on Cd. Under controlled conditions we studied the performance of oak seedlings exposed to high levels of Cd, with the aim of analyzing the patterns of translocation and tolerance of the seedlings. Cadmium was the most available metal, in relative terms; 15% of the total Cd in the soil was extracted with NH4NO3. The availabilities of Cd, Cu and Zn showed exponential relationships with soil pH (pH values ranged from 2.4 to 8.4). Cadmium accumulation in the leaves was not related to the changes in Cd availability. Greenhouse studies showed that seedlings had a high Cd retention capacity in fine roots (up to 7 g kg 1) and low rates of Cd translocation to the leaves (transfer coefficients below 0.03). Root biomass and thickness was altered by exposure to Cd. In spite of this, the chlorophyll fluorescence measurements (an indicator of plant stress) only differed slightly from the control treatment at a Cd dose of 200 mg L 1. Due to the relatively high tolerance to Cd and the capacity of roots to retain this metal, Holm oak may be useful for the phytostabilization of soils contaminated by Cd.
Description7 pages, 3 figures, 4 tables, 58 references.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.03.026
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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