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Bioaccumulation of trace elements in a wild grass three years after the Aznalcóllar mine spill (South Spain)

AutorMadejón, Paula ; Murillo Carpio, José Manuel ; Marañón, Teodoro ; Cabrera, Francisco
Palabras claveCynodon dactylon
Guadiamar river
Heavy metals
Fecha de publicación2006
EditorSpringer
CitaciónEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment 114(1-3): 169-189 (2006)
ResumenIn this paper, we surveyed the concentration of nine trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Tl and Zn) in bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) 3 years after the mine spill in Aznalc´ollar (south Spain). The results were compared with those that had been obtained for the same species in a previous study, 18 months after the accident. Three types of soil condition were determined: i) unaffected soils (UN, control); ii) cleaned up and amended soils (A, amended); and (iii) non-amended soils, inaccessible to the clean-up and remediation operations (NA, non-amended). The trace element concentrations in the plants were lower than those reported in the first sampling for both washed (plant tissues) and unwashed plants (as consumed by herbivores). Apart from Cd, trace elements concentrations (plant tissues) were similar in the A and the UN soils. In the NA soils, the Cd, Fe, Mn, Zn and Pb levels in unwashed plants were excessive for animal consumption. This wild grass seems to be suitable as a soil stabilizer for spill affected soils and as a biomonitor for soil pollution by some trace elements (As, Cu and Zn); however, its potential for phytoextraction is negligible.
Descripción21 pages, 3 figures, 7 tables, 48 references. We thank José María Alegre for his help at different stages of the study. Trace element concentrations in plants were determined by Olga Cazalla at the Centre for Scientific Instrumentation, University of Granada.
Versión del editorDOI: 10.1007/s10661-006-2523-1
http://www.springerlink.com/content/g4072240281303l4/
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/46638
ISSN0167-6369
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