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Nanostructure and crystallization phenomena in multilayered films of alternating iPP and PA6 semicrystalline polymers

AutorAnia, F. ; Baltá Calleja, Francisco José ; Flores, Araceli ; Michler, G. H.; Scholtyssek, S.; Khariwala, D.; Hiltner, A.; Baer, E.; Rong, L.; Hsiao, Benjamin S.
Palabras claveNanostructure
Fecha de publicación15-oct-2011
CitaciónEuropean Polymer Journal, 48 (1) : 86–96 (2012)
ResumenThe present work is concerned with the study of the crystalline morphology and the nanostructure of a multilayered system of two alternating immiscible semicrystalline polymers: isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and polyamide 6 (PA6). Films with a volume ratio of 70/30 were prepared by means of layer multiplying coextrusion. Contrary to previous experiments, performed with semicrystalline/amorphous and amorphous/amorphous nanolayered systems, the studied iPP/PA6 film does not exhibit a well defined maximum in the USAXS patterns. This result accounts for an irregular layered structure, as further confirmed by means of TEM images. Nevertheless, such a layered assembly still influences the crystallization behaviour of both constituent polymers. On the one hand, the crystallization of PA6 within the multilayered material is substantially hindered as evidenced by its weak scattering intensity. Real time studies as a function of temperature undoubtedly detect the presence of a WAXS peak and a SAXS maximum associated to PA6 above the melting temperature of iPP. Room temperature AFM studies also confirm the occurrence of crystalline structures within the PA6 layers.
On the other hand, SAXS and WAXS measurements at room temperature reveal the occurrence of an oriented lamellar morphology within the iPP layers bearing uniaxial symmetry around an axis perpendicular to the layers surface. Results show that the crystalline molecular chains are placed mainly parallel to the layer surfaces forming edge-on lamellae. Moreover, X-ray scattering results are in agreement with the occurrence of two populations of lamellae, both edge-on and perpendicular to each other, in agreement with the crosshatched morphology observed by AFM.
Descripción11 pags. ; 11 figs. ; 1 tab.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2011.10.003
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