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Integration of two simple models in a geographical information system to evaluate salinization risk in irrigated land of the Valencian Community, Spain

AuthorsPaz Bécares, José Miguel de; Visconti Reluy, Fernando ; Zapata Hernández, Raúl; Sánchez Díaz, Juan
Salinity model
Risk evaluation
Soil salinization
Issue DateSep-2004
CitationSoil Use and Management 20(3): 333-342 (2004)
AbstractSalt affected soil is one of the main problems decreasing the productivity of irrigated agriculture in the Mediterranean area. Simulation models in combination with geographical information systems (GISs) could be used to evaluate the risk of salinization at a regional scale. In this study, two logical models (Pla and Riverside) were combined in a GIS to evaluate the risk of soil salinity and sodicity in the irrigated agriculture of the Valencian Community, Spain. Simple models were chosen so that they could be used at a regional scale. Before running them in a GIS framework, a soil and irrigation water survey was conducted to validate the models with observed data. The Pla model fitted observed data better than Riverside guidelines, probably because parameters of water quality, soil and climate were considered by the Pla model. The resulting maps indicated that the soils most affected by salts are those located in the south of study area, owing to the arid climate, and those areas near the coast due to saline intrusion. Close to 42% of the irrigated area was predicted to be somewhat affected by salinization. The regional-scale soil salinity assessment presented here for the Valencian Community is the first to be made for this region and will be useful in targeting critical areas that may require special management.
Description10 páginas, 13 figuras, 4 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/SUM2004265
Appears in Collections:(CIDE) Artículos
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