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Flexible conductive graphene paper obtained by direct and gentle annealing of graphene

AutorVallés, Cristina; Núñez, Jesús David; Benito, Ana M. ; Maser, Wolfgang K.
Palabras claveGrafeno
Tratamientos físico-químicos
Ensamblaje macroscópico
Physico-chemical treatments
Macroscopic assembly
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2012
CitaciónCarbon 50(3) : 835-44 (2012)
ResumenWe report the fabrication of flexible conductive graphene paper through a direct and gentle annealing process of graphene oxide paper. Thermal treatments at 700 ºC under argon or hydrogen atmosphere directly applied to parent graphene oxide paper lead to a significant removal of disruptive oxygen-containing functional groups, and to a considerable recovery of the sp2 network structure. Detailed comparison of chemical and combined chemical-thermal treatments by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), Raman, X-photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and conductivity measurements underline the high efficiency of the direct annealing process. The resulting highly reduced graphene oxide paper exhibits electrical conductivities as high as 8100 S/m representing an increase of 5 orders of magnitude with respect to the parent graphene oxide paper, * Corresponding author. Tel/Fax: +34 97673-3977/-3318. E-mail address: wmaser@icb.csic.es (W.K. Maser) 2 which significantly outperforms the results of chemical treatments. Moreover, our direct and gentle thermal reduction allows maintaining the structural integrity and mechanical flexibility of the parent graphene oxide paper thus overcoming problems of brittleness typically encountered in annealing processes. Our approach sets the base for an easy, cost-effective and environmentally friendly fabrication route for flexible conducting graphene paper of great application potential as flexible electrodes in various fields of technology.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.09.042
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