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Título

Soil saturated hydraulic conductivity assessment from expert evaluation of field characteristics using an ordered logistic regression model

AutorIngelmo Sánchez, Florencio ; Molina, M. J. ; Paz Bécares, José Miguel de; Visconti Reluy, Fernando
Palabras claveSoil hydrology
Soil hydrology conductivity
Ordered logistic regression model
Correspondence analysis
Hydropedology
Fecha de publicaciónnov-2011
EditorElsevier
CitaciónSoil and Tillage Research 115-116: 27-38 (2011)
ResumenThe knowledge of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is essential for irrigation management purposes and for hydrological modelling. Several attempts have been done to estimate Ks in base of a number of soil parameters. However, a reliable enough model for qualitative Ks estimation based on the expert assessment of field characteristics had not been developed up to date. Five field characteristics, namely macroporosity (M), stoniness (S), texture (T), compaction (C) and sealing (L), in addition to tillage (G) were carefully assessed according to three classes each, in 202 sites in an agricultural irrigated area in Eastern Mediterranean Spain. After the evaluation of field characteristics, a single ring infiltrometer was used to determine the Ks value as the solution of the infiltration equation when the steady state was reached. The distribution of the Ks was assessed and five classes with 10-fold separations in class limits were defined accordingly. The relationships among site characteristics and Ks were analyzed through a correspondence analysis (CA). Next, an ordered logistic regression model (OLRM) for the prediction of the Ks class was developed. The CA revealed that, though tightly related, the set of six site characteristics should not be simplified into a smaller set, because each characteristic explains a significantly different aspect of Ks. Consequently, the OLRM was based on the six characteristics, which presented the following order of importance: L > M > G > T > C > S. According to the cross-validation of the OLRM the hit probability for the prediction of the Ks class attained an average value of 50%, which increased to 63% for the highest class of Ks. Moreover, wrong estimation of the Ks class exceeded the +-1 range only in 3% of sites. Therefore, a reliable enough assessment of Ks can be based on the expert assessment of field characteristics in combination with an OLRM.
Descripción12 páginas, 13 figuras, 5 tablas.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2011.06.004
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/45697
DOI10.1016/j.still.2011.06.004
ISSN0167-1987
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