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Título

Origin and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon pollution in sediment and fish from the biosphere reserve of Urdaibai (Bay of Biscay, Basque country, Spain)

AutorPuy-Azurmendi, Eunate; Navarro, Asunción; Olivares, Alba; Fernandes, Denise; Martínez, Elena; López de Alda, Miren; Porte Visa, Cinta; Cajaraville, Miren P.; Barceló, Damià; Piña, Benjamín
Palabras claveDioxin-like activity
Recombinant yeast assay
GC–MS
PAH metabolites
Fecha de publicación2010
EditorElsevier
CitaciónMarine Environmental Research
ResumenThe Urdaibai estuary is a UNESCO biosphere reserve impacted by recreational, agricultural and industrial activities. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are major pollutants in Urdaibai, and their control and the identification of their sources is central on the preservation of the area. Chemical analysis by GC–MS showed a significant pollution by PAHs in Urdaibai sediment samples, mainly from pyrolytic sources, with minor contributions from oil spills. Measurement of the dioxin-like activity using a yeast-based bioassay showed an excess of biological activity in sediment samples from the inner part of the estuary. Analysis of PAH metabolites in bile of thicklip grey mullet (Chelon labrosus) showed a large excess of 2-naphthol over 1-naphthol or 1-pyrenol, suggesting a specific contamination in the inner Urdaibai estuary by some industrial process. Therefore, the combination of these three techniques defined different PAH pollution sources in Urdaibai: a major pyrolytic origin, occasional oil spills, and specific industrial activities.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2010.04.004
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/45565
DOI10.1016/j.marenvres.2010.04.004
ISSN0141-1136
E-ISSN1879-0291
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