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Integration of a Ca looping system for CO2 capture in existing power plants

AuthorsMartínez, I.; Murillo Villuendas, Ramón ; Grasa, Gemma S.; Abanades García, Juan Carlos
KeywordsCO2 capture
Energy integration
Supercritical cycle
Thermal efficiency
Issue Date10-Nov-2010
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationAIChE Journal 57(9): 2599-2607 (2011)
Abstract[EN] This work analyses a Ca looping system that uses CaO as regenerable sorbent to capture CO2 from the flue gases generated in power plants. The CO2 is captured by CaO in a CFB carbonator while coal oxycombustion provides the energy required to regenerate the sorbent. Part of the energy introduced into the calciner can be transferred to a new supercritical steam cycle to generate additional power. Several case studies have been integrated with this steam cycle. Efficiency penalties, mainly associated with the energy consumption of the ASU, CO2 compressor and auxiliaries, can be as low as 7.5 percentage points of net efficiency when working with low CaCO3 make-up flows and integrating the Ca looping with a cement plant that makes use of the spent sorbent. The penalties increase to 8.3 percentage points when this possibility is not available. Operation conditions aiming at minimum calciner size result in slightly higher efficiency penalties.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.12461
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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