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La recepción europea de la materia médica de la expedición de Francisco Hernández (1570-1577)

AutorPardo-Tomás, José
Palabras claveMesoamerican Cultures
European Colonialism
Materia Medica
Scientific Expeditions
Francisco Hernández (1515-1587)
Fecha de publicación2005
EditorSociedad Española de Fitoterapia
CitaciónRevista de Fitoterapia, (Vol.5-Supl.1) : 97-102 (2005)
ResumenThe Spanish physician Francisco Hernández (l515-1587) was sent by King Phillip 11 to New Spain in order to compile all possible information about plants with medicinal uses in thal region and to know the available resources as well as the possibilities of trading these remedies with Europe. The tension between Hernández's scientific goals and !hose of the metropolitan authorities was present throughout the whole expedition, and was still present afterwards when it was lo be decided how lo publish the results of the expedition. Although Hernández's plans did nol always coincide with those of the aulhorities that conceived and financed them, Ihey were ca rried out belween 1570 and 1577. During !he expedition, Hernández galhered information from rnany Indian inforrners and sorne Spanish colonists established in Mexico. He had drawings and paintings made depicting more than two thousand plants and one hundred anirnals. He described more than three thousand different species and gathered information about their uses. He conducted experiments on patients at the Hospital de los Naturales in Mexico Cily. These texts, drawings and painlings were sent directly lo the King, and all other rough writings, designs and notes were taken back to Spain by Hernández al the end of the expedition. These malerials from the expedilion would have an entangled fate. The spreading of these materials and the knowledge that had been gained over twa cenluries constitutes one of Ihe most interesting and revealing cases of the vasl and complex phenomenon of the cultural exchange thal occurred as a result of the contact between Europe and America, which is the main goal of the 5th European Colloquium. On the base of a variety of manuscript and printed sources, we try to ofter a landscape of the different ways of spreading of the Hernández's materials -from Mexico City to Madrid , Naples, 8010gne, Venice, Montpellier, Nüremberg, Amsterdam or London-, as well as to note some elements for discussion about the processes of apropria tion, assim il itation, and reelaboration of natural knowledge with amerindian origins by the European scientific culture: terminology, ordenation, classificalion, uses, and representations.
DescripciónForma parte del 5º Coloquio Europeo de Etnofarmacologia celebrado en Valencia 8-10 mayo, 2003: "El mestizaje cultural en etnofarmacología: de los saberes indígenas a los científicos" - "The cultural interbreeding in ethnopharmacology: from indigenous to scientific knowledges". José L.Fresquet Febrer; Carla Pilar Aguirre (eds.)
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