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Título

Novel horizontal transmission route for Enteromyxum leei (Myxozoa) by anal intubation of gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata

AutorEstensoro, Itziar ; Redondo, Mª José ; Álvarez-Pellitero, Mª del Pilar ; Sitjà-Bobadilla, Ariadna
Palabras claveMyxosporea
Experimental transmission
Teleostei
Aquaculture
Temperature
Histopathology
Fecha de publicaciónoct-2010
EditorInter Research
CitaciónDiseases of Aquatic Organisms 92(1):51-58 (2010)
ResumenThe aim of the present study was to determine whether Enteromyxum leei, one of the most threatening parasitic diseases in Mediterranean fish culture, could be transmitted by peranal intubation in gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata L. Fish were inoculated either orally or anally with intestinal scrapings of infected fish in 3 trials. Oral transmission failed, but the parasite was efficiently and quickly transmitted peranally. Prevalence of infection was 100% at 60 d post inoculation (p.i.) in Trial 1 under high summer temperature (22 to 25°C; fish weight = 187.1 g), and 85.7 % in just 15 d p.i. in Trial 3 using smaller fish (127.5 g) at autumn temperature (19 to 22°C). In Trial 2, prevalence reached 60% at 60 d p.i. in the group reared at constant temperature (18°C), whereas no fish was infected in the group that was kept at low winter temperature (11 to 12°C), although infection appeared (46.1 % at 216 d p.i.) when temperature increased in spring. The arrested development at low temperature has important epidemiological consequences, as fish giving false negative results in winter can act as reservoirs of the parasite. Histopathological examination showed a posterior-anterior intestinal gradient in the progression of the infection, in terms of both intensity and parasite maturation. Thus, peranal intubation provides a very uniform, reliable and faster mode of transmission of E. leei than the commonly used transmission methods (cohabitation, exposure to infected effluent and oral inoculation), which require long exposure times or give variable and unpredictable results.
Descripción11 p., il., bibliografía
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3354/dao02267
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/44888
DOI10.3354/dao02267
ISSN0177-5103
E-ISSN1616-1580
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