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Spontaneous PT symmetry breaking and quantum phase transitions in dimerized spin chains

AuthorsGiorgi, Gian Luca
Issue Date24-Aug-2010
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
CitationPhysical Review B 82(5): 052404 (2010)
AbstractThe occurrence of parity-time reversal PT symmetry breaking is discussed in a non-Hermitian spin chain. The Hermiticity of the model is broken by the presence of an alternating, imaginary, transverse magnetic field. A full real spectrum, which occurs if and only if all the eigenvectors are PT symmetric, can appear only in presence of dimerization, i.e., only if the hopping amplitudes between nearest-neighbor spins assume alternate values along the chain. In order to make a connection between such system and the Hermitian world, we study the critical magnetic properties of the model and look for the conditions that would allow to observe the same phase diagram in the absence of the imaginary field. Such procedure amounts to renormalizing the spin-spin coupling amplitudes.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.82.052404
Appears in Collections:(IFISC) Artículos
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